Horse Armour in the Medieval Islamic Middle East

The earliest widespread use of horse armour appears to have been in Inner Asia, perhaps more specifically in Khwarazm. Thereafter horse armour became notably characteristic of Central and Inner Asia, not only amongst nomadic tribes but also amongst settled peoples such as the Turkish Uighurs of what is now called the Chinese autonomous region of…

Viking Currency by Dani Trynoski

In the Middle Ages, Scandinavians obtained their daily necessities through a variety of means. Some people made certain items like fabric, baskets, or leather yet needed to buy other goods like metal housewares. Most transactions would be a barter system, maybe a bolt or two of fabric in exchange for an iron cauldron? Metals would…

Viking Women Clothing: Aprondress

This article focuses on the garment that was worn by Viking women together with the characteristic oval brooches. While it has been called many things by researchers over the years (e.g. trägerrock and hängerock), I will use what is currently thought to be the old Norse name for the garment (Ewing 2006, p. 37), namely…

Monography on 15th Century German Judicial Duel

Some Observations on Judicial Duels, as Practised in Germany by Hugh T. Knight, Jr. “In this work we will discuss the origins of the judicial duel, its definition and how it differs from other kinds of duels, and its constituent parts and format. We will place particular emphasis upon the different forms of judicial duel,…

Introduction: Tahtib

Tahtib is an ancient art, possibly dating back to the 2nd millennium BC. Engraved tomb walls at the archaeological site of Beni Hasan on the eastern bank of the Nile appear to show stick fighting practice resembling Tahtib. Although modern Tahtib practice tends to be friendly (and there is a heavily stylized Saidi form that…

Introduction: Bastone Siciliano

In Bastone Siciliano the stick is kept in constant motion, travelling around the head in various serpentine circular movements known as Muliné until it is time to execute a strike or parry. As an interesting aside, this constant, circling motion of the stick around the player’s head may provide possible insights into the ‘Frequens Motus’…

Introduction: Bâton Français

The baton was systematized in France during the 1800s and during the mid 1850s baton practice was one aspect of a gymnastics curriculum for French soldiers established at the Joinville military academy. Practice with baton was also popular in 19th century Savate salles. It is likely the baton was popular among various 19th century European…

Fighting a longstick

Various native forms of stick fighting including: Singlestick (British) Greatstick (British) Jogo do Pau (Portuguese) Juego del Palo (Spanish) Makila (Basque) Bastone Siciliano (Sicilian) Scherma de Bastone (Italian) Stockfechten (German) La Canne (French) Bâton Français (French) Bataireacht (Irish) Shillelagh (Irish). […] Examples of arts involving longsticks include Hutton’s Greatstick, Jogo do Pau, Juego del Palo,…